Community Participation in Ecotourism Management with Special Reference to Athirappilly and VazhachalAuthor : K. Sooraj Menon
Volume 8 No.1 Special Issue:February 2019 pp 4-9
The objectives of Ecotourism can be achieved if there is a well planned mechanism to manage destinations. Among the stakeholders of ecotourism projects, the host community of is the most important one. It is through them the ideology of ecotourism can be popularised. This paper investigates the factors that influence host community participation in ecotourism management of Athirappilly and Vazhachal – two popular ecotourism destinations of Kerala. The involvement of the host community in management of ecotourism destinations will help them to empower themselves while ensuring management of natural resources in an efficient manner. This destination centric study, unlike the other macro level studies, attempts to understand the factors influencing community participation in ecotourism management at Athirappilly and Vazhachal. It was found that Environmental Knowledge for Sustainable Development and Perceived Economic Impact of Community Based Ecotourism Management has more influence on Participation in Community Based Ecotourism Management.
Community Participation, Ecotourism, Athirappilly-Vazhachal, Host Community
 Adombent, M. (2013). Exploring universities’ transformative potential for sustainability-bound learning in changing landscapes of knowledge communication. Journal of Cleaner Production, 49, 11-24.
 Armstrong, R. (2012). An analysis of the conditions for success of community based tourism enterprises. ICRT Occasional Paper, (OP21), 1-52.
 Barr, S., & Gilg, A. W. (2007). A conceptual framework for understanding and analyzing attitudes towards environmental behaviour. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 89(4), 361-379.
 Bhatta, K. D. (2008). Urban heritage conservation: Promoting sustainable community development: A case of historic town Thimi, Nepal. HKU Theses Online (HKUTO).
 Brandon, K. (1996). Ecotourism and conservation: A review of key issues. The World Bank.
 Coria, J., & Calfucura, E. (2012). Ecotourism and the development of indigenous communities: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Ecological Economics, 73, 47-55.
 Eshun, G., & Tonto, J. N. P. (2014). Community-based ecotourism: its socio-economic impacts at Boabeng-fiema monkey Sanctuary, Ghana. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 26(26), 67-81.
 Foucat, V. A. (2002). Community-based ecotourism management moving towards sustainability, in Ventanilla, Oaxaca, Mexico. Ocean & Coastal Management, 45(8), 511-529.
 Goodwin, H., &Santilli, R. (2009). Community-based tourism: A success. ICRT Occasional paper, 11(1), 37.
 Hiwasaki, L. (2006). Community-based tourism: A pathway to sustainability for Japan’s protected areas. Society and Natural Resources, 19(8), 675-692.
 Hoole, A. (2009). Place-power-prognosis: Community-based conservation, partnerships, and ecotourism enterprises in Namibia. International Journal of the Commons, 4(1).
 Howarth, R. B. (2012). Sustainability, well-being, and economic growth. Minding Nature, 5(2), 32-39.
 Khanal, B. R., & Babar, J. T. (2007). Community based ecotourism for sustainable tourism development in the Mekong region. Policy Brief, 1, 2007
 Lange, E., Woodhouse, E., & Milner‐Gulland, E. J. (2016). Approaches used to evaluate the social impacts of protected areas. Conservation Letters, 9(5), 327-333.
 Mbaiwa, J. E. (2004). The socio-economic benefits and challenges of a community-based safari hunting tourism in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Journal of Tourism Studies, 15(2), 37.
 Muhanna, E. (2006). Sustainable tourism development and environmental management for developing countries. Problems Perspect. Manag, 4(2), 14e30.
 Oguz, D., Cakci, I., & Kavas, S. (2011). Environmental awareness of students in higher education. Turkish Journal of Forestry, 12(1), 34-39.
 Stone, M. T., &Rogerson, C. M. (2011). Community-based natural resource management and tourism: Nata bird sanctuary, Botswana. Tourism Review International, 15(1-2), 159-169.
 Tran, L., & Walter, P. (2014). Ecotourism, gender and development in northern Vietnam. Annals of Tourism Research, 44, 116-130.
 Vicente-Molina, M. A., Fernandez-Sainz, A., &Izagirre-Olaizola, J. (2013). Environmental knowledge and other variables affecting pro-environmental behaviour: comparison of university students from emerging and advanced countries. Journal of Cleaner Production, 61, 130-138.
 Wanga, J. O., Hayombe, P. O., Odunga, P. O., & Odede, F. Z. (2013). The Nexus between environmental knowledge and ecotourism attitude among the local youths in Co-educational Secondary Schools in Bondo Sub-County, Siaya County, Kenya. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 3(7), 103-116.
 Zhang, H., & Lei, S. L. (2012). A structural model of residents’ intention to participate in ecotourism: The case of a wetland community. Tourism Management, 33(4), 916-925.