Computational Fluid Flow Analysis of High Speed Cryogenic Turbine Using CFXAuthor : Sushant Upadhyay, Shreya Srivastava, Siddharth Sagar, Surabhi Singh and Hitesh Dimri
Volume 4 No.1 January-June 2015 pp 44-52
A turbo expander also referred as an expansion turbine, is a centrifugal or axial flow turbine through which a high pressure gas is expanded to produce work that is often used to drive a compressor. The low pressure exhaust gas from the turbine is at a very low temperature that is 120K or less depending upon the operating conditions. It is widely used as sources of refrigeration in industrial processes and liquefaction of gases such as oxygen, nitrogen, helium, argon and krypton. A cryogenic system needs many components, compressor, heat exchanger, expansion turbine, instrumentation, vacuum vessel etc. At present most of these process plants operate at medium or low pressure due to its inherent advantages. A basic component which is essential for these processes is the turbo expander. The main aim of this project to attain a minimum temperature and pressure and to study the variation of Mach number and entropy. This is done by computational fluid flow analysis of high speed rotating turbine. This involves with the three dimensional analysis of flow through a radial expansion turbine, using nitrogen as flowing fluid. The work is performed on various modules of Ansys that is BladGen, TurboGrid, CFX-Pre, CFX-Post. Bladegen is used to create the model of turbine using available data of hub, shroud and blade profile. Turbogrid is used to mesh the model. CFX-Pre is used to define the physical parameters of the flow through the Turbo expander. CFX-Post is used for examining and analyzing results. Using these results variation of different thermodynamic properties like Temperature, Pressure, Mach number, entropy etc. inside the turbine can be seen. Several graphs are plotted showing the variation of pressure, temperature, entropy and Mach number along streamline and span wise to analyze the flow through cryogenic turbine.
Radial turbine, Bladegen, Turbogrid, CFX