Corrosion of Stainless Steel and its Prevention through Surface Modification for Biomedical Application: A ReviewAuthor : Srikant Tiwari and S. B. Mishra
Volume 7 No.2 Special Issue:November 2018 pp 60-66
Living habits of the young as well as old age people is changing with the advancement of technology. The number of accidents of young age group is increasing due to faster life causing bone fracture whereas bone fracture or misalignment of joints is common amongst the old aged people. Various natural and artificial materials such as (Stainless steel (SS), titanium alloys, cobalt alloys, nickel alloys etc.) are used as biomaterials to replace the damaged body parts. Among the various biomaterials, stainless steel is widely used due to its ease of processing, shaping, low cost and availability. However, its behavior is quite different in human body condition and faces several problems such as wear, lack of biocompatibility, corrosion, etc. Corrosion is reported to be a serious concern related to biomaterials especially stainless steel as it releases toxic elements which are harmful to human body and causes several others serious problems. This paper presents a critical review on the corrosion behavior of stainless steel biomaterial, others problem/issues associated with the stainless steel and surface modifications techniques/methods to improve the corrosion resistance, wear resistance, biocompatibility and overall life of such implants.
Biomaterial, Implants, Biocompatibility, Tribological, Biological
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