Environmental Politics in the Himalayas: A Retrospective Overview of People’s Resistance to Protect their Rights Over Natural ResourcesAuthor : Narayan Jena and Swagatika Parida
Volume 8 No.1 January-March 2019 pp 77-81
This paper attempts to examine the fundamental reasons behind the constant battle of the local people of Uttarakhand over the Himalayan resources since the colonial time. It analyses both the social effects of the deliberate shifting of ownership of natural resources from the local people to government agencies and the ecological impact of dramatic conversion of natural forest into protected areas or reserve forests. Secondly, it questions the validity of such structural changes made by the governments to limit or restrict the local people’s access to the resources of the region. Here, the primary materials for this paper have been derived from the responses of the local people on the government’s shifting and developmental paradigm to substantiate the argument.
Himalayan Resources, Environment Movement, Civil Right, Resistance
 Baviskar, A. (1995). In the Belly of the River: Tribal Conflicts over Development in the Narmada Valley. New Delhi, India: Oxford University.
 Dewan, M. L. (1990). Ecological Havoc in the Himalayas and its Reedies. In S.K. Chadha (Ed.), Himalayas: Environmental Problems 1-14.NewDelhi, India: Ashis Publishing House.
 Dittmer, L. (2005). Power politics in the Himalaya and Beyond: Introduction. Asian Survey, 45(4), 497-502.
 Gadgil, M., & Guha, R. (1995). Ecology and Equity: Use and Abuse of Nature. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books.
 Guha, R. (2000). Environmentalism: A Global History. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
 Guha, R., & Martinez-Alier, J. 1997. Varieties of Environmentalism: North and South. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
 Karnik, K. (2004). People‟s movements for Natural Resources. In S.N. Power (Eds.), Environmental Movements in India: Strategies and Practices. 27-35. New Delhi, India: Rawat Publications.
 Neggi, S. S. (1998). Discovering the Himalaya. (1st ed.) 2, New Delhi, India: Indus Publishing Company.
 Rangarajan, M. (2003). The Politics of Ecology: The Debate on Wildlife and people in India, 1972-95. In V. K Sabarwal & M. Rangarajan (Eds.), Battle over Nature: Science and Politics of Conservation.189-239. New Delhi, India: Orient Longman.
 Rangarajan, M. (2003). State, Communities and Conservation: The practice of Eco development in Great Himalayan National Park. In V. K Sabarwal
& M. Rangarajan (Eds.), Battle over Nature: Science and Politics of Conservation. 267-299. New Delhi, India: Orient Longman.
 Rootes, C. (1999). Environmental Movements: From the Local to the Global. Environmental Politics, 8(1), 1-12.
 Shiva,V. (1988). Staying Alive: Women, Ecology and Survival in India. New Delhi, India: Kali for Women.
 Tong, Y. (2005). Environmental Movements in Transitional Societies: A Comparative Study of Taiwan and China. Comparative Politics, 37(2), 167-188.
 Tucker, R. P. (1982). The Forests of the Western Himalayas: The Legacy of British Colonial Administration. Journal of Forest History, 26(3), 112-123.
 Tucker, R. P. (1984). The Historical Context of Social Forestry in the Kumaon Himalayas. The Journal of Developing Areas, 18(3), 341-356.