Impact of Janani Suraksha Yojana on Reproductive and Child Healthcare: A Logistic Regression AnalysisAuthor : Shahid Bashir
Volume 8 No.1 January-March 2019 pp 138-142
The Percentage of women giving birth in healthcare facilities has drastically gone up in India after the inception of the maternity benefit program, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) in 2005. The programme was introduced to incentivise the underserved women who have poor access to maternal healthcare and who bore the brunt of maternal deaths. To examine the level of awareness among women about JSY scheme, To assess the impact of JSY financial assistance on antenatal care (ANC), govt. institutional deliveries, postnatal care (PNC), and child immunization and to examine the trends in institutional and home deliveries. Study was carried out in district Kulgam of Jammu and Kashmir with a sample size of 150 respondents who had delivered from 2014-17. The study used purposive stratified cum random sampling technique. The study used both primary and secondary data sources for analysis. The primary data was collected by means of a well-designed semi structured questionnaire. The secondary data was retrieved from the Health Management and Information System (HMIS) online portal. High awareness to the extent of 78% among women was recorded in the study area. Age showed a positive significant association with awareness about JSY scheme. JSY financial assistance has a highly positive impact on the probability of full ANC reception. It was observed that in govt. healthcare institutions, 59% deliveries were normal and 41% were Caesarean Section while as in private healthcare institutions, 99% deliveries were Caesarean section and only 1% was normal. Moreover, the expenditure on delivery in private healthcare institutions was almost 6 times higher than in govt. healthcare institutions.
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), Antenatal Care (ANC), Postnatal Care (PNC), Awareness, Binary Logistic Regression
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