The Creation of Particular Learning Methods for Blind ChildrenAuthor : Krishnendu Roy
Volume 7 No.2 July-September 2018 pp 62-65
The aim of the research is to provide a disseminate view on the methods for learning for visually impaired children. The economic factors along with psycho-social aspects have impacted blind education in India. Due to the lesser number of population, not impacting much on the productivity of the state, visually impaired children suffer the consequence of social and political ignorance leading to incomplete education and illiteracy. The current research is based on thematic analysis of the information gathered from literature review. As per the research it can be concluded that the role of family, specialized teachers and schools for special education in educating blind children is crucial for their academic achievement, building good grades which would further contribute to their employment. With several innovations on learning techniques, Braille method has always been the oldest and common used. Apart from Braille the use of virtual reality method for spatial knowledge have been quite frequently used to teach blind children. It can be recommended that in order to fit into the cut-throat competition of achieving educational success for future progression, it is equally important to educate physically disabled children by making them specially-abled through several learning techniques utilizing other skills apart from visualization.
Learning, blind children, braille, spatial knowledge, VR application, cognitive development
 Balan, O., Moldoveanu, A., & Moldoveanu, F. (2015). Navigational audio games: an effective approach toward improving spatial contextual learning for blind people. International Journal on Disability and Human Development, 14(2), 109-118. Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ijdhd.2015.14.issue-2/ijdhd-2014-0018/ijdhd-2014-0018.xml?format=INT&intcmp=trendmd
 Bedny, M., Richardson, H., & Saxe, R. (2015). “Visual” cortex responds to spoken language in blind children. Journal of Neuroscience, 35(33), 11674-11681. Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from: http://www.jneurosci.org/content/35/33/11674.short
 Bianco, S., Celona, L., Napoletano, P., &Schettini, R. (2018).On the use of deep learning for blind image quality assessment.Signal, Image and Video Processing, 12(2), 355-362. Retrieved on 14th July 2018. Retrieved from:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11760-017-1166-8
 Danna, J., Fontaine, M., Paz-Villagrán, V., Gondre, C., Thoret, E., Aramaki, M., &Velay, J. L. (2015). The effect of real-time auditory feedback on learning new characters.Human Movement Science, 43, 216-228. Retrieved on 12th july 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167945714002164
 deSchipper, T., Lieberman, L. J., & Moody, B. (2017). “Kids like me, we go lightly on the head”: Experiences of children with a visual impairment on the physical self-concept. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 35(1), 55-68. Retrieved on 14th July 2018. Retrieved from:http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0264619616678651
 Drossos, K., Zormpas, N., Giannakopoulos, G., &Floros, A. (2015, July). Accessible games for blind children, empowered by binaural sound. In Proceedings of the 8th ACM International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments (5). ACM.Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from: https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2769546
 Eikospentaki, K., Tsonos, D., Kouroupetroglou, G., &Vosniadou, S. (2015). The development of knowledge about the earth and the day/night cycle in blind and sighted children using acoustical rendition of documents’ visual elements.Procedia Computer Science, 65, 484-491. Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187705091502949X
 Gautam, A., Bhambal, A., &Moghe, S. (2017). Effect of oral health education by audio aids, Braille & tactile models on the oral health
status of visually impaired children of Bhopal city.Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research.Retrieved on 15th july 2018. Retrieved from:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212426816300501
 Gupta, Y., Singh, V., &Parween, S. (2018). TEACHER ATTITUDE: A KEY FACTOR FOR THE INCLUSION OF STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES. Journal of Disability Management and Special Education, 1(1), 14.Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from:http://www.jodys.info/journal/january_2018/02_Jodys_January_2018.pdf
 Gyawali, R., &Moodley, V. R. (2018). Need for optical intervention in children attending a school for the blind in Eritrea. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 101(4), 565-570. Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cxo.12601
 Jacob, J., &Shetty, A. P. (2015).A descriptive study to assess the psychosocial problems and coping strategies of blind children.IOSR Journal of Pharmacy, 5(7), 13-17. Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from:https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/0370/3cc57cbe75770465a24eecd6b11e27576ce8.pdf
 Joybell, C., Krishnan, R., & Kumar, S. (2015). Comparison of Two Brushing Methods-Fone’svs Modified Bass Method in Visually Impaired Children Using the Audio Tactile Performance (ATP) Technique.Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR, 9(3), ZC19. Retrieved on 15th july 2018. Retrieved from:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4413148/
 Picinali, L., Afonso, A., Denis, M., & Katz, B. F. (2014).Exploration of architectural spaces by blind people using auditory virtual reality for the construction of spatial knowledge.International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 72(4), 393-407. Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1071581913002036.
 Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from: https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2809858
 Thieme, A., Morrison, C., Villar, N., Grayson, M., & Lindley, S. (2017, June).Enabling collaboration in learning computer programing inclusive of children with vision impairments.InProceedings of the 2017 Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (pp. 739-752).ACM.Retrieved on 14th july 2018. Retrieved from:https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3064689
 Tiwari, A., Das, A., & Sharma, M. (2015).Inclusive education a “rhetoric” or “reality”?Teachers’ perspectives and beliefs.Teaching and Teacher Education, 52, 128-136. Retrieved on 13th july 2018. Retrieved from:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0742051X15300020.
 Vashistha, A., Cutrell, E., Dell, N., & Anderson, R. (2015, October). Social media platforms for low-income blind people in india. In Proceedings of the 17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers & Accessibility, ACM, 259-272).
 Evaluation of Registered Visually Disabled Individuals in a District of West Bengal, India.(2018). ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.Retrieved on 12th july 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2763670/
 indexbraille.com, (2018).Retrieved on 15 July 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.indexbraille.com/en-us/blog/the-importance-of-braille