Asian Journal of Science and Applied Technology (AJSAT)
Determination of Glacier Mass Balance using Remote Sensing and GIS Technology: A Case Study of Bara Shigri Glacier, Himachal PradeshAuthor : Priyanko Das and Manish Rai
Volume 7 No.1 January-June 2018 pp 1-7
Glaciers plays a major role in the generation of stream flows in Himalayan region. The Historical studies say that many glaciers in the Himalayan region are retreating due to climate change and global warming. It is important to study of glacier as they are the main source of fresh water. Due to change of climate over different time periods there is a continuous decrease of glacier areas. So it is now a days become very big issue for our future as well as present generation for fluctuation of fresh drinking water storage. The present study focuses to examine the changes in snow-covered area and glacier mass balance of the Bara Shigri glacier of Himalayan region using Remote Sensing and GIS technology. Remote sensing technique can be used without any restrictions of manual approach. The study aim is to show the changes of snow cover area and mass balance of glacier during last 27 years from 1989 to 2016. Snow cover area has been monitored using imageries of Landsat-2 and Landsat-5 multispectral band (1989, 2002, 2008, and 2016) TM and ETM data using NDSI (Normalized Difference Snow Index), NDSI-2(Normalized Difference Snow Index-2), NDGI (Normalized Difference Glacier Index), and Band ratio techniques. WGMS (World Glacier Monitoring Services) data are used for accuracy assessment for the Mass balance, front variation and annual thickness in the glacier for analyzing the surface – atmosphere interaction which contributes to melting of the glacier.
NDSI, NDSI -2, NDGI, Band Ratio, WGMS data, Glacier Mass Balance
 A.F.Hamlet and .P. Lettenmaier, “Effects Of Climate Change On Hydrology And Water Resources In The Colum ia River asin,” J. Am. Water Res. Assoc., Vol. 35, No.6, pp.1597-1623, 1999.
 Aparna Shukla, “ igital Image Information Extraction Techniques For Snow Cover Mapping From Remote Sensing ata,” Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers, pp.213-232, 2011.
 J. G. Corripio, “Snow surface al edo estimation using terrestrial photography,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 25, No. 24, pp. 5705–5729, 2004.
 DK Hall, JL Foster, JL. Chien and GA Riggs, “ etermination of actual snow-covered area using Landsat TM and digital elevation model data in Glacier National Park, Montana,” Polar Record, Vol. 31, No.177, pp.191-198, 1995
 A V Kulkarni, J Srinivasulu, S Manjul and Mathur, “Field ased spectral reflectance to develop N SI method for the snow cover,” J. Indian Soc. Remote Sens., Vol. 30, No.1 and 2, pp.73–80, 2002.
 A. K.Keshri, A. Shukla, and R.P. Gupta, “ASTER Ratio Indices For Supraglacial Terrain Mapping,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 30, No.2, pp. 519-524, 2009.
 J. ozier, “Spectral signature of alpine snow cover from the Landsat thematic mapper,” Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 28, pp. 9–22. 1989
 Regine Hock, “Glacier Mass alance,” Summer School In Glaciology, Fairbanks/McCarthy, pp. 7-17, 2010.
 M Anul Haq, Dr. Kamal Jain and r K.P.R. Menon, “Change Monitoring Of Gangotri Glacier Using Satellite Imagery,” 12th Esri India User Conference, pp.1-8, 2011.
 Jeyaram, Y.V.N. Krishna Murthy and .S. Srinivasan, “Mapping Of Bara Shigri Glacier, H. P. Using Digital Image Processing Techniques,” AARS, session 1-2, 1994.