Effect of Minimum Quantity Lubrication in Machining Using Different Vegetable OilsAuthor : Satwinder Kaur, Kulwinder Garg and Rutash Mittal
Volume 7 No.2 Special Issue:November 2018 pp 70-72
In metal industries and researchers are trying to reduce the use of coolant lubricant fluid in metal cutting to give the better performance, health safety, economic benefits and reduction in environmental pollution. Lubrication is necessary for the cutting operations to avoid the surface damages. The MQL gives better result over the conventional flood cooling as it effectively reduce the tool wear through mixture of air and lubricant and also impairs the surface finish of product. The minimization of cutting fluid leads to saving the lubrication cost and also saves machine cleaning time. This study deals with experimental investigation on role of different vegetable oils tool wear and surface finish. Experiments were carried out by plain turning of round bar of SAE 1018. The aerosol based on different vegetable oils was used to evaluate the tool performance and surface finish at different speed combinations. It was observed that Aerosol consist of Canola oil gives less tool wear and comparative surface finish as compared to Sunflower and Soybean oil. SEM results also analyzed in terms of tool wear.
Lubrications Conditions, MQL, Tool Wear and Surface Roughness
 B. Ozcelik, E. Kuram, M.H. Cetin, E. Demirbas, “Experimental Investigations Of Vegetable Based Cutting Fluids With Extreme Pressure During Turning Of Aisi 304l”, Vol. 44, 1864-1871, 2011.
 K. Manoj kumar, and Ghosh., “Potential Of Vegetable Oils As Micro Lubrication/ Cooling Medium For SQL Grinding” 5th International & 26th AIMTDR, IIT Guwahati, Assam, India December 12th – 14th, 2014.
 R.R. Srikant and P.N. Rao, “Use of Vegetable-Based Cutting Fluids for Sustainable Machining”, pp. 31-46.
 J.P. Davim, , V. N. Gaitonde and S. R. Karnik, “Investigation into the effect of cutting conditions on surface roughness in turning of free machining steel by ANN models” Journal of Material Processing Technology, Vol. 205, No. 1-3, pp. 16-23, 2008.
 S. Ekinovic, H. Prcanovic, E. Begovic, “Investigation Of Influence Of Mql Machining Parameter On Cutting Forces During Mql Turning Of Carbon Steel St52-3”, The Manufacturing Engineering Society International Conference, Mesic 2015.
 M.J. Hadad and B. Sadeghi, “Thermal Analysis of Minimum Quantity Lubrication-Mql Grinding Process”, Int. J. Of Machine Tool and Manufacture, Vol. 63, 1-15, 2012.
 Minimum Quantity Lubrication for Machining Operations BIG/GUV-1718E. Deutsche Gesetzliche Unfallversicherung (DGUV); 2010.
 Mohamed Handawi Saad Elmunafi, M. Y. Noordin*, D. Kurniawan, “Tool Life of Coated Carbide Cutting Tool when Turning Hardened Stainless Steel under Minimum Quantity Lubricant using Castor Oil” 2nd International Materials, MIMEC2015, Bali Indonesia, 4-6 February 2015.
 N. R. Dhar, M.W. Islam, S. Islam, M.A.H. Mithu, “The Influence Of Minimum Quantity Lubrication On Cutting Temperature, Chip And Dimensional Accuracy In Turning Aisi- 1040 Steel”, Journal Of Material Processing Technology, 2006.
 A. Attanasio, M. Gelfi, C. Giardini and C. Remino, “Minimal Quantity Lubrication in Turning: Effect on Tool Wear”’, J. of Wear, Vol. 260, pp. 333-338, 2006.
 N.R. Dhar, M.T. Ahmed and S. Islam, “An Experimental Investigation on Effect of Minimum Quantity Lubrication in Machining Aisi 1040 Steel, Int. J. Of Machine Tools & Manufacture, Vol. 47, pp. 748–753, 2007.
 N.R. Dhar, S. Islam and M. Kamruzzaman, “Effect of Minimum Quantity Lubrication (Mql) On Tool Wear, Surface Roughness and Dimensional Deviation in Turning Aisi-4340 Steel”, G.U.J. Of Science, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 23-32, 2007.