Hospital Based Early Identification and Intervention for Children with Special Needs: A Conceptual AnalysisAuthor : G. Monic Leka and P. Swarna Kumari
Volume 7 No.3 October-December 2018 pp 94-96
A child’s earliest years are important for the simple, but sufficient reason that they come first in a dynamic process of human development. These earliest days are filled with new stimulations and novel experiences that drive his or her cognitive, social, and physical growth. The first 3 years of life are a critical time for brain development, especially if a child is delayed or restricted in development. Early identification leads to early intervention. Intervention or lack thereof, at this stage, therefore, can significantly enhance or impair the quality of life in later years. Early intervention program is intended for infants and toddlers who have a developmental delay or disability below the age of five. Early intervention focuses on the basic developmental skills that typically develop during the first three to five years of life through a variety of therapeutic and support services which will be tailored to meet the child’s individual needs. The parents/caregivers are the major contributors and performers in the Early Intervention Program. Involvement of other team members, include medical people, therapists, child development educators, social workers, and others, will depend on what the child needs. Early intervention supports the families who often experience frustration, stress, disappointment, and helplessness and helps to build a nurturing and supportive environment for the entire family. Early intervention implies for the well-being of the family and the development of the children with special needs.
Children with Special Needs, CWSN, Early identification, Early Intervention and Impairment
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