Hybrid Method for Retinal Image Segmentation and Identifying True VesselsAuthor : A.Prabin, J.Veerappan, M.C. John Wiselin, S.Binu Sathiya and Parvathy R Nair
Volume 2 No.2 July-December 2013 pp 38-44
As digital imaging and computing power increasingly develop, so too does the potential to use these technologies in ophthalmology. Image processing, analysis and computer vision techniques are increasing in prominence in all fields of medical science, and are especially pertinent to modern ophthalmology, as it is heavily dependent on visually oriented signs. We describe a novel technique that utilizes the global information of the segmented vascular structure to correctly identify true vessels in a retinal image. The model segmented vascular structure as a vessel segment graph and transform the problem of identifying true vessels to that of finding an optimal forest in the graph. An objective function to score forests is designed based on directional information. Our proposed solution employs candidate generation and expert knowledge to prune the search space. Each vessel is tracked individually by repeatedly finding the next vessel point with a scoring function that considers the pixel intensity and orientation in the vicinity of the current point in the image. Bifurcations and crossovers are detected using some intensity profile. Tracking for the same vessel then continues along the most likely path. The importance of our proposed work disambiguate between vessels at bifurcations and crossovers, we need to figure out if linking a vessel segment to one vessel will lead to an adjacent vessel being wrongly identified .
Principal Component Analysis, Watershed Transformation, Optic Disc segmentation, Region discrimination, Circular approximation