Open Distance Learning System: A Critical Reflection on the Issues, Challenges and Opportunities of Open and Dual Mode Universities in IndiaAuthor : M. A. Sikandar
Volume 8 No.1 January-March 2019 pp 66-72
The Open Universities and Dual Mode Universities in India are catering millions of Open Distance Learners (ODL) through its chain of Regional Centres and Learner Support Centres (Study Centres) across the country. In order to improve the Gross Enrollment Ration (GER), the regulatory bodies should act as facilitator rather than the administrator or inspector. Today, Open Distance Learning (ODL) offered by the Open Universities and Dual mode Universities in India is at cross roads because of multiple control and regulation by several regulatory bodies of the Central Government. A new approach is needed by the regulatory bodies as well as the Govt. of India to remove obstacles put forth by various Regulations restricting the very access of open and distance learning to reap the demographic dividends in the country. This paper critically analyzes the aspects that affect the ODL being offered through Open and Dual mode universities. The paper also critically highlights the challenges being faced by the ODL institutions as well as the opportunities available to them. The paper also touching the latest global trends related to distance and digital learning.
Distance Education, Open Universities, Dual Mode Universities, Open Distance Learning (ODL), Digital Technology, Online Learning, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)
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