Prevalence and Determinants of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases in IndiaAuthor : Pugalenthi and Ndanyuzwe Aime
Volume 8 No.1 January-March 2019 pp 34-41
The parts and organs communicate with each other to ensure function of the body properly. Communication among various regions of the body is essential for enabling the organism to respond appropriately to find any changes in the internal and external environments. Communicable and non-communicable disorders are often quite complex involving a mixed picture of hypo secretion and hyper secretion. The objectives are to study the regional variations of communicable and non-communicable diseases among the currently married women; to examine the communicable and non-communicable diseases and the various socio-economic and demographic characteristics and to study predictors of communicable and non-communicable diseases with Principal component analysis (PCA). The present study is being made to analyze from National Family Health Survey (NFHS- III) conducted during 2005-06. Total number of sample was 4102 from the collected sample sizes and particularly those who were answered for the above questions were taken for the analysis to find accurate information. To find the predictors of Diabetics, Asthma and Thyroid, Principle Component Analysis (PCA) was used. The analysis part represents that of the communicable and non-communicable diseases like Asthma was experienced by those who do not use LPG/Electricity. It was about 62 percent of respondents were experienced Asthma than the other two diseases (Thyroid and Diabetics). But those diseases were in higher proportion among those who had the level of education was secondary and higher secondary. It indicates that of the communicable and non-communicable diseases Asthma was experienced by 48.6 percent compared to the other two diseases such as Thyroid and diabetics among the respondents.
NFHS, Diseases. Asthma, Diabetics, Thyroid, PCA
 Aydogdu, H., A. et al., (2008). “Indoor and outdoor airborne bacteria in child day-care centers in Edirne City (Turkey): seasonal distribution and influence of meteorological factors. Environment Monitor Assess, 8, 76-89.
 Bjùro et al., (2000) Prevalence of thyroid disease, thyroid dysfunction and thyroid peroxidase antibodies in a large, unselected population. The Health Study of Nord-Trùndelag (HUNT) European Journal of Endocrinology, 143, 639-647 accessed at online version via http://www.eje.org
 Fabian, M. P., et al., (2005). Ambient bioaerosol indices for indoor air quality assessments of flood reclamation. Aerosol Science, 36, 763-783.
 Joshi, M. et al., (2013). Identification of indoor airborne microorganisms in residential rural houses of Uttarakhand, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 2(6), 146-152.
 Kalpa Sharma et al., (2013) Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases in India: Setting Priority for Action. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2(1), 7-11.
 Kochupillai, N. (2000) Clinical endocrinology in India. Current Science, 79, 1061-1067.
 Lincy K. Skaria, Purnima Dey Sarkar, Gopinath Agnihotram, Amar Singh Thakur & Girish Pamidamarri. (2011). Thyroid Dysfunctions in Tribal Women of the Bastar Region of Chattisgharh, India. Thyroid Science, 6(6), 1-5.
 Meena, P. (1997). Disorders of thyroid gland in India: Endocrinology, Part I. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 64, 11-20.
 Upadhyay, P. R. (2011). An Overview of the Burden of Non- Communicable Diseases in India. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 41(3), 1-8.