Asian Review of Social Sciences (ARSS)
Public Health Measures (Lockdown) and its Psychological Impact: A General Population Study of Mental Health Difficulties during the Covid-19 Pandemic and Resultant Lock DownAuthor : Jessy Fenn, Noble Chacko, Tony Thomas, Varghese K Varghese, Sanju George
Volume 9 No.1 January-June 2020 pp 55-57
Public health measures taken to prevent the spread of pandemics such as COVID-19 can negatively impact on the mental health of individuals. This study reports perceived stress, sources of stress, psychological distress, and post-traumatic stress disorder in 1073 adults from Kerala, India during the lockdown phase. Methods: Data was gathered using these questionnaires: Perceived Stress Scale, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale and PC-PTSD scale. Results: Descriptive analyses revealed that 65.7% of participants experienced increased stress levels due to the lockdown; with 57.4% experiencing moderate and 8.3% of experiencing severe stress. Discussion: The major sources of stress were anxiety about the future, finance-related, frustration of movement due to restriction and anxiety about COVID. Although there were no cases of PTSD, about 30% of the sample suffered from severe psychological distress. The above issues should be addressed by policy makers and health care professionals in trying to ameliorate the psychological distress experienced by people during pandemic-related lockdown in the future.
Coping strategies; COVID-19; Perceived stress; Psychological distress; PTSD; Stress.
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