Asian Review of Social Sciences (ARSS)
Role of Education in Empowering Women: A Case StudyAuthor : Bhajan Chandra Barman
Volume 7 No.1 January-June 2018 pp 16-20
According to Census Report 2011, nearly 50% of the population of our country are women. They have a great contribution in society. Therefore, we cannot deny the importance of them. In spite of great contribution in society, the women are less empowered in every field of society. The conception of empowerment is based on the notion of power; empowerment by definition means “enabling”, “giving, receiving or obtaining power” or “giving the official or legal authority or the freedom to do something”. In addition, empowerment is defined as the equalization of power and the more efficient use of resources Women’s education leads to empowerment. There are two reasons behind selecting the topic “Role of Education in Empowering Women” for the present study. Firstly, there has been no found any comparative study in the review of literature regarding the measurement of empowerment between educated and uneducated women. Secondly, no literature has been found on education and women empowerment in the study area. The present paper fulfills this research gap. Dinhata block-II of Cooch Behar district, West Bengal has been selected for the purpose of the study. The study is based on both primary and secondary data. Primary data have been collected from a field survey in Dinhata block-II of Cooch Behar district, West Bengal. Secondary data have also been collected from various journals, articles, working papers and education related website. For study purpose it has been selected 200 women from the study area. Among them 100 are educated and the rest 100 women are uneducated. A structured interview schedule was prepared and used for collecting data from the respondents in the study area. To analyse the results a simple statistical technique like percentage has been used. To compare the results, Chi-square test has been used. In the present study, it has been considered nine indicators to measure empowerment between educated and uneducated women. From the results and discussion it has been observed that educated women are more empowered as compare to uneducated one. Chi-square Test shows the significance difference between educated and uneducated women regarding empowerment. Thus, it can be conclude that education is very important factor in empowering women.
Education, Women empowerment, Mobility, Sustainable development, Decision
 Paranjape and Sarina, “Women’s Education status in Women and Development”, edited by R. K. Sapru, Asish publishing house, New Delhi, 1989.
 S. Claassens, “Co-operation Is Power? Women economic groups and-cooperatives in Dodoma region – Tanzania. Third World Centre”, University of Nijmegen, 1993.
 S. M. Hashemi and S. R. Schuler, “Defining and Studying Empowerment of Women: A Research Note from Bangladesh” in JSI Working Paper, No.3. Arlington, Virginia, 1993.
 S. Batliwala, “The Meaning of Women’s Empowerment: New Concepts from Action”, in G. Sen; A. Germain; and L.C. Chen (eds.), Population Policies Reconsidered: Health, Empowerment and Rights, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, pp. 127-38, 1994.
 J. K. Pillai, Women and Empowerment, Gyan Publishing House, New Delhi, pp. 23-24, 1995.
 K. M. Elizabeth and M. A. Hill, “Women’s education in developing countries barriers, benefits, and policies”, Baltimore: Published for the World Bank [by] the Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
 N. Kabeer, “Conflict over Credit: Re-evaluating the Empowerment Potential of Loans to Women in Rural Bangladesh”, World Development, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 63-84, 2001.
 Mira Seth, Women and Development, the Indian Experience, sage publications, New Delhi, 2001.
 United Nations, “Empowerment of Women throughout the Life Cycle as a Transformative Strategy for Poverty Eradication”. (EGM/POV/2001/REPORT), 2001.
 Narayana Y. Lakshmi and K. Rajesh, “Curbing social Evils through Empowerment of women”, Empowerment of women and Ecoligical Development, Serial Publication, New Delhi, 2002.
 K. Padmanabhan, “Literacy: Gateway to women empowerment”, Empowerment of women and ecological development, Serials Publications, New Delhi, 2002.
 N. Birdsall, L. Ruth and A. Ibrahim, “Towards Universal Primary Education: Investments, Incentives, and Institutions”, European Journal of Education, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 337-349, 2005.
 N. Kabeer, “Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment: A Critical Analysis of the Third Millennium Development Goal”, Gender & Development, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 13-24, 2005.
 K. N. Ramanujam and R. Thenmozhi, “Empowerment of women”, Kison world, pp. 62, June, 2006.
 K. Surekha Rao “Education as a strategy for women’s empowerment” Women’s Link, Vol.13, No.1, pp.16-19, Jan-Mar, 2007.
 V. P. Matheswaran, “Women Empowerment for Sustainable Development through Self – Help Group Movement in Tamilnadu”, [Online]. Available: http://www.sciencedirect.com/ 2008.
 L. Ruth, L. Cynthia, G. Margaret and G. Caren “Girls count: a global investment & action agenda”, Washington, DC: Centre for Global Development, 2008.
 Census of India, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/vital_statistics/ SRS_Report
 N. Martha, “Creating capabilities: The Human Development Approach”, Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011.