Asian Review of Social Sciences (ARSS)
Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in Rural Development: An Analytical Study of Arunachal PradeshAuthor : Tabang Mibang and Kamin Modi
Volume 8 No.2 April-June 2019 pp 42-47
Rural Development is viewed as strategy to bring improvement in the economic, political and social life of the rural people. The participation of people in rural development is a must because the developmental activities have to be carried out by the government along with their cooperation. The local government is considered as an instrument of development and welfare programmes. The full benefit of democracy can be realized only when there is true devolution of both power and resources down to the grassroots. Arunachal Pradesh, predominantly a tribal state with more than 26 major tribes and several dozen of minor groups fulfilled the constitutional requirement of institutional arrangement for decentralisation with formulation of Arunachal Pradesh Panchayati Raj Act, 1997 by replacing the NEFA (North Eastern Frontier Agency) Panchayati Raj Regulation, 1967. However, people still suffer from socio-economic backwardness and yet to reap the benefit of devolution of power to the people. Hence, the study is an attempt to analyse the role of panchayati raj institutions in rural development and perception of the rural locals in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh.
Decentralisation, Panchayati Raj System, Seventy Third Constitutional Amendment, Local Governance, Rural Development
 Chambers, R. (1983). Rural Development – Putting the Last First. Harlow: Prentice Hall.
 Desai, V. (1991). Fundamentals of Rural Development. Rawat Publication, New Delhi.
 Dubey, S. (2005). Dynamics of Tribal Local Polity and Panchayati Raj in Arunachal Pradesh. Premiere Publishing House, New Delhi.
 Elwin, V. (1957). A Philosophy for NEFA. Department of Research, Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh, Shillong.
 Elwin, V. (1964). Democracy in NEFA, Department of Research, Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar.
 Gyati, A. (2012). Democratic Decentralisation in a Frontier Tribe- The Apatanis. Himalayan Publishers and Distributors, Itanagar.
 Mishra, A. -K., Akhtar, N., & Tarika, S. (2011). Role of the Panchayati Raj Institutions in Rural Development (An Analytical Study of Uttar Pradesh), SMS, Vol. 7, No. 1, 44 – 53.
 Jalihal, K. A., & Shivamurthy, M. (2003). Pragmatic Rural Development for Poverty Alleviation: A Pioneering Paradigm. Concept Publishing, New Delhi.
 Maheswari, S. R. (2000). Local Government in India. Lakshmi Narain Agarwal, New Delhi.
 Swain, P.C. (2008). Panchayati Raj, A.P.H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi.
 Singh, K. (1999). Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management (2nd ed.), Sage Publication, New Delhi.
 Thanikasalam, S. &Saraswathy, S. (2014). Role of Gram Panchayat in RuralDevelopment: A Study of Vagurani Village of Usilampatti Block of Madurai District (Tamil Nadu), International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention,Volume 3, Issue 1, 49-56.
 Lele, U. (1975). The Design of Rural Development: Lessons from Africa, Baltimore-London (A World Bank Research Publication), John Hopkins University Press.
 Mishra, S. N. & Mishra, M. (2002). Decentralised Governance, Shipra Publications, New Delhi.
 Talukdar, A. C. (1987). Political Transition in Grassroots in Tribal India, Omsons Publications, Gauhati.