Asian Journal of Information Science and Technology (AJIST)
Use of Social Media for Knowledge Sharing Among StudentsAuthor : Funmilola O. Omotayo and Olugboyega M. Salami
Volume 8 No.2 July-September 2018 pp 65-75
The world of research requires researchers, students to share knowledge. With the invention of social media, knowledge sharing process has been more effective and easier. This study examined the usage of social media for knowledge sharing among students of the Polytechnic Ibadan, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted, while stratified random sampling technique was adopted to select the students. Four hundred and thirty four copies of questionnaire were administered, while 301 were retrieved and 271 copies found useful for data analysis. Data was analysed using frequencies and percentage distribution, Spearman’s rank correlation, Kruskal Wallis test, and Chi-Square. Findings reveal that Facebook and Whatsapp are the widely used social media tools for knowledge sharing by the students. The study found significant relationship between social influence and attitude towards using social media for knowledge sharing, as well as significant relationship between attitude and use of social media for knowledge sharing.The study recommends that institutions should exploit the proliferation of social media and its use to set up off-class student-student and student-lecturer discussion groups, which could help encourage and promote knowledge sharing, and thereby help students in achieving good academic outcomes.
Attitude, Knowledge Sharing, Nigeria, Polytechnic Students, Social Influence, Social Media
 Abdulsalam,K. A. &Asisah, A. R. (2013). Facebook in higher education: Students’ use and perceptions, Advances in information Sciences and Service Sciences (AISS), 5(15),24-36.
 Abodunrin, O. B. (2017). Use of Social Media for Knowledge Sharing among Students of the University of Ibadan. Unpublished Thesis, Africa Regional Centre for Information Science, University of Ibadan.
 Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behaviour. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.
 Akbari, E., Eghtesad,S. &Simons,R. J. (2012). Students’ attitudes towards the use of social networks for learning the English language. Paper presented at the International Conference “ICT for Language Learning” 5th edition),1-6.Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/297f/51bea79e1f40f9a91078ecf8b8ff8d311d88.pdf.
 Al-Bahrani, A. Patel,D. &Sheridan, B. Engaging students using social media: The students’ perspective. International Review of Economics Education,19, 36-50, 2015.Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iree.2015.06.001.
 Bakare, O. D., Chiemenem, C. M.,Bamigboye,O. B.,&Okonedo,S. (2015).Social Media Tools as Medium for Knowledge Sharing among Students and Academic Staff of Nigerian Universities: Case Study of Students’ and Academic Staff of the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. New Media and Mass Communication, 35, 35-46, Rretrieved fromhttp://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/NMMC/article/view/20826/20945.
 Bellefroid, B.(2012). The new way of knowledge sharing a thesis research about the effects of NWOW on knowledge sharing.Retrieved from http://www.cs.uu.nl/education/scripties/pdf.php?SID=INF/SCR-2012-009.
 Boyd,D. M. and Ellison, N. B. (2008). Social network sites: definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11, 210-230, Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00393.x
 Cheng, M.-Y.Ho,J. S.-Y. &Lau,P. M. (2009). Knowledge sharing on academic institutions: A study of Multimedia University Malaysia. Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, 7(3), 313-324.
 Davis, C. H. F. Canche, M. S. G.Deil-Amen,R. &Rios-Aguilar,C. (2012). SocialMedia in Higher Education: A Literature Review and Research Directions. Arizona: The Center for the Study of Higher Education at the University of Arizona and Claremont Graduate University.
 Draškovic, N. Korper,A. K. &Kilian-Yasin, K. (2017).Student attitudes toward use of social media in the learning process: A comparative study of Croatian and German students. International Journal of Management Cases,19(2), 53-64.
 Eid, M. I. M. & Al-Jabri, I. M. (2016). Social networking, knowledge sharing, and student learning: The case of university students, Computers & Education, 99), 14-27. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2016.04.007
 Fasae,J. K. &Adegbilero-Iwari,I. (2016). Use of social media by science students in public universities in Southwest Nigeria. The Electronic Library, 34(2), 213-222. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1108/EL-11-2014-0205
 Fishbein, M. &Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research, Reading,MA: Addison-Wesley.
 Gaál, Z. Szabó, L. Obermayer-Kovács,N. &Csepregi,A. (2015). Exploring the role of social media in knowledge sharing. The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, 13(3), 185-197. Retrieved from www.ejkm.com/issue/download.html?idArticle=680
 Gupta. K. S. (2008). A comparative analysis of knowledge sharing climate. Knowledge and Process Management, 15(3), 186-195.
 Harden, G. (2012).Knowledge Sharing in the Workplace: A Social Networking Site Assessment.45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences), 3888- 3897.
 HarinarayanaN. S. &Raju,N. V. (2010). Web 2.0 features in university library web sites. The Electronic Library, 28(1), 69-88.
 Hislop, D. (2013).Knowledge management in organisations: a critical introduction, 3rd ed. Great Britain: Oxford University Press.
 HungH. T. &Yuen S. C. Y. (2010). Educational use of social networking technology in higher education. Teaching in Higher Education, 15(6), 703-714.
 John,A. M. (2017). Student attitudes on social media and perception of instructor social media use. A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Communication, University of Louisville, Kentucky. Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 2647. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.18297/etd/2647
 Johnston K., ChenM-M. &Hauman, M.Use, perception and attitude of university students towards facebook and twitter. The Electronic Journal Information Systems Evaluation, 16(3), 201-211. Retrieved from www.ejise.com
 A.M. Kaplan& M. Haenlein. Users of the world, unite! the challenges and opportunities of social media. Business Horizons,53, 59-68, Doi:10.1016/j.bushor.2009.09.003
 Kelly B., Bevan P., Akerman R., AlcockJ. &Fraser, J.(2009). Library 2.0: balancing the risks and benefits to maximise the dividends. Electronic Library and Information System, 43(3), 311-327.
 Kim, Y. and Abbas, J. (2010). Adoption of Library 2.0 Functionalities by Academic Libraries and Users: A Knowledge Management Perspective. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 36(3), 211-218.
 Lampe, C., Wohn, D. Y., Vitak, J., Ellison, N. B. and Wash, R. (2011). Student use of Facebook for organizing collaborative classroom activities. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 6(3), 329-347. Doi: 10.1007/s11412-011-9115-y
 LaRose, R. Wohn, D. Y. EllisonN. B. &Steinfield, C.(2011). Facebook Fiends: Compulsive Social Networking and Adjustment to College” Michigan state University.
 Lee, R. B. Baring, R. MariaM. S. &Reysen, S.(2017). Attitude towards technology, social media usage and grade-point average as predictors of global citizenship identification in Filipino University Students. International Journal of Psychology, 52(3), 213-219. Doi: 10.1002/ijop.12200.
 Lin, C. P. (2006). Gender differs: Modeling knowledge sharing from a perspective of social network ties.Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 9, 236-241.
 Masoumeh, K.(2014). The main factors influencing knowledge sharing in private universities in Malaysia, Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 6(3), 12-25.
 Negroponte, N.(1995).The Library Quarterly: Information, Community, Policy,66(2), 208-210. The University of Chicago Press.
 Ngai, E. W. T., Spencer,S. C. &Moon,K. L. (2015).Social Media Research: Theories, Constructs and Conceptual Framework. International Journal of Information Management, 35, 33-44.
 Nonaka,I. A Dynamic Theory of Organizational Knowledge Creation.” Organizational Science, 5(1), 14-37.(1994).
 Pearlson,K. E. &Saunders, C. S. (2009).Strategic management information systems, 4th ed., Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
 Riege,A. (2005).Three-dozen knowledge-sharing barriers managers must consider. Journal of Knowledge Management,9(3), 18-35.
 Teng, J. T. C. & Song, S. (2011). An exploratory examination of knowledge-sharing behaviours: solicited and voluntary. Journal of Knowledge Management, 15(1), 104-117, Doi: 10.1108/1367321111108729.
 Venkatesh, V., Morris, M. G. Davis,G. B. & Davis, F. D. (2003).User acceptance of information technology: Toward a unified view.MIS Quarterly, 27(3), 425-478.
 Wang,S. &Noe, R. (2010).Knowledge sharing: A review and directions for future research. Human Resource Management Review,20, 115-131,
 Wei, C.C., Choy, C.S., Chew, G.G. & Yen, Y.Y. (2012). Knowledge sharing patterns of undergraduate students” Library Review, 61(5), 327-344.
 Williams, C., &Adesope, R. Y. (2017). Undergraduates’ Attitude Towards the Use of Social Media for Learning Purposes. World Journal of Education, 7(6), 90-95.
 Wilson, K. L., &Boldeman, S. U. (2012, December). Exploring ICT Integration as a Tool to Engage Young People at a Flexible LearningCentre. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 21(6), 661-668. doi:10.1007/s10956-011-9355-7
 Yang,J. (2012).Predicting cheating behavior: A longitudinal study with Chinesebusiness students. Social Behavior and Personality, 40(6), 933-944.
 Zhou, R., Horrey, W. J., & Yu, R. (2009). The effect of conformity tendency on pedestrians’ road-crossing intentions in China: An
application of the theory of planned behavior. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 41(3), 491-497.
 Zagata, L.Consumers’ beliefs and behavioral intentions towards organic food:Evidence from the Czech Republic. Appetite, 59(1), 81-89.