The Asian Review of Civil Engineering (TARCE)
Water Pollution Policy Vis-À-Vis Red Category Industries: A Case StudyAuthor : G. Mahalakshmi Pooja and Carolin Arul
Volume 9 No.1 January-June 2020 pp 1-10
According to the Constitution of India, the water right comes under Article 21 as Right to Life. Having water as a basic need in life, it has to be protected well by enforcing the law in an orderly manner with more stringent actions towards water polluting agents. Even though several laws exist on controlling water pollution, the punitive measures are not strong enough to control, especially in the case of industrial pollution. The purpose of this study is to find out the lacunae existing in Indian legal provisions on the view of water polluting industries. A case study is undertaken by selecting a red category industry located at Cuddalore, particularly in SIPCOT institutional area. To value the awareness and perceptions of different stakeholders on Water Pollution Policies, semi-structured interviews were conducted with the AGM of the industry and the NGOs and questionnaires survey were administered with the students and public. It was known that the 51% of people were affected by water pollution and 83.33% of people opt for plastic containers of 20-liter capacity for drinking and supplied by SIPCOT. Sadly, 100% of people recorded their responses saying industries were the prime source of water pollution. While question airing on health aspect, it was found that 85% people were affected by skin diseases and respiratory illnesses. The forte of the NGOs and the students were the involvement of all related stakeholders in granting permission at the initial stage of industrial establishment at any place is mandatory. Keeping that every solution is unique with regard to every problem; a proactive step of introducing a rationalist model specifically to tackle these kinds of uncertain conditions with respect to Government protocols on Water Pollution Laws towards red category industry was made. Based on the situational model, proposals of the establishment of the industries could be granted.
Water Pollution laws, industry, perception of people and rationalist model
- Ahmad, “Origin and Growth of Environmental Law in India”, The Indian Law Institute, pp.358-387, 2001.
- V. Kumar and K. G. Bharat, “Perspectives on a Water Resource Policy in India”, The Energy and Resources Institute, TERI, No. 1, pp.1-15, 2014.
- Arul, “Gaps in Irrigation Laws of Tamil Nadu”, A Doctorate of Philosophy thesis, Centre for Water Resources, Anna University, Chennai, pp.1-283, 2008.
- Karpagam and et. al., “An Appraisal of India’s Policy to Control Industrial Waste Water Pollution”, International Journal of Economics and Development, Vol. 9, No.1, pp.45-61, 2012.
- Gonzalez and G. Saarman, “Regulating Pollutants, Negative Externalities and Good Neighbor Agreements: Who Bears the Burden of Protecting Communities”, Ecological Law Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp.37-80, 2014.
- J Campos and V.S Pena, “Implementation of Public Policies of Transparency. The Case Study of Coahuila, Mexico”, Revista Venezolana de Gerencia, Vol. 20. No. 72, pp.612-629, 2015.
- Choudhary, “ Interpretation of Polluter Pays Principle”, 2014,
- Ramakrishnan, , ‘Water Policy to be revised’, The Hindu, p. 1, February15, 2012, [Online], Available: https://www.thehindu.com /news/national/tamil-nadu/waterpolicy-to-be-revised/article2893747.ece [Accessed Mar. 25, 2016]
- Gargi, “Water Policy draft favours privatization of services”, The Hindu, para.3-5, January 21, 2012. [Online] Available: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/WaterPolicy-draft favours-privatisation- of services/article13375447. ece [Accessed Mar. 25, 2016]
- SIPCOT Area Community Environmental Monitoring, “CUSECS: Solution or Pollution? An analysis of the quality of effluent discharged by Cuddalore SIPCOT Industries Common Utilities Ltd into the ocean”, Cuddalore, 2010, [Online] Available: https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/read/26837062/cusecs-solution-or-pollution-sipcot-area-community-
- Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Glossary of Environment Statistics, Statistics Division. United Nations, New York, 1997.
- Pollution Database for Tamil Nadu, ENVIS Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu, 2014.