Asian Review of Social Sciences (ARSS)
Work-Life Balance Factors Influencing the Limited Presence of Women Chefs in Hotel Industry of BengaluruAuthor : Usha Dinakaran
Volume 7 No.2 July-September 2018 pp 37-43
For women, the difficulty of penetrating historically male-dominated occupations in every sector has always been difficult, and the fact that men are unwilling to accommodate them in those occupations that they dominate has made women to be relegated to the background. When women take up cooking in the professional arena, often they are met with countless challenges and limitations, one of them being the work-life balance. Besides balancing their family life, they face the issue of not being recognized of their calibre at work. Consequently, women chefs are still a rarity in the hotel industry, thereby mirroring the deeply ingraining social and cultural prejudice against women as being the ‘weaker sex’. For the purpose of understanding the contributing work-life balance factors towards the limited presence of women chefs within the hotel industry in Bengaluru, each of the individual factors were needed to be analyzed, specifically the extent of their relationship and influence. In the present study, a survey (N= 123) among women chefs working in the Hotel industry of Bengaluru is considered. The study finds that the women chefs are faced with problems in maintaining work-life balance due to several reasons including lack of organizational support leading to disturbed family life, diluted commitment and performance at work place, delayed marriage leading to frustration and family demands leading to expectations of support from peer group at work. Maintaining work-life balance was found to be of utmost importance for women chefs in order to enhance their performance at their workplace.
Chef, Women Chef, Hotel, Hotel Industry, Culinary
 Allen, T. D. (2001). Family-Supportive Work Environments: The Role of Organizational Perceptions. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 58(3), 414-435.
 Buddhapriya, Sanghamitra. (2009). Work-Family Challenges and Their Impact on Career Decisions: A Study of Indian Women Professionals. Vikalpa 34(1): 31–45.
 Budworth, M., Enns, R., & Rowbotham, K. (2008). Shared Identity and Strategic Choice in Dual Career  Couples. Gender in Management: An International Journal, 23(2), 103 – 119.
 Davidson, Sarah et al. (2012). Women in Orthodontics and Work-Family Balance: Challenges and Strategies. Journal of the Canadian Dental Association. 78(1).
 Dembe, A. E., Erickson, J. B., Delbos, R.G & Banks, S. M. (2005). The impact of overtime and long work hours on occupational injuries and illnesses: new evidence from the United States. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 62(9), 588-597.
 Frone, M. R. (2003). Work-family balance. Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology, Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association, 143(62).
 Guest, D. E. (2002). Perspectives on the study of work-life balance. Social Science Information, 41, 255-279.
 Hsieh, Y, and P. D. Eggers. (2010). Coping Strategies Used by Lodging Managers to Balance Work and Personal Lives: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration 11, 39–58.
 Karatepe, O. M. (2013). The Effects of Work Overload and Work-Family Conflict on Job Embeddedness and Job Performance: The Mediation of Emotional Exhaustion. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management 25(4), 614–34.
 Kehl, Tim. (2012). 12 Key Strategies to Achieving a Work-Life Balance. Industry Week.
 Ko, Wen Hwa. (2012). the Relationships among Professional Competence, Job Satisfaction and Career Development Confidence for Chefs in Taiwan. International Journal of Hospitality Management 31(3), 1004–11.
 Lopez – Claros, A., & Zahidi, S. (2005). Women’s Empowerment-Measuring the Global Gender Gap: Harvard Business Review.
 Martin, Phiona, and Barnard, Antoni. (2013). The Experience of Women in Male-Dominated Occupations: A Constructivist Grounded Theory Inquiry. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology 39(2): 1–12. Mathew, R. V., & N. Pacnchanatha. (2011). Work Life Balance Issues among the Women Entrepreneurs in South India. Asian Academy of Management Journal 16(2): 77– 105.
 Mills, Julie E., Suzanne Franzway, Judith Gill, & Rhonda Sharp. (2013). Challenging Knowledge, Sex and Power: Gender, Work and Engineering. Routledge.
 Namasivayam, K., & X Zhou. (2007). An Investigation of the Moderating Effects of Organizational Commitment on the Relationships between Work–family Conflict and Job Satisfaction among Hospitality Employees in India. Tourism Management 28, 1212– 23.
 Natalie, Skinner, & Chapman Janine. (2013). Work-Life Balance and Family Friendly Policies. Evidence Base Evidence B(4).
 Rajadhyaksha, U., & S. Velgach. (2009). Gender, Gender Role Ideology and Work-Family Conflict in India. Chicago, USA: Academy of Management.
 Reddy, N Krishna et al. (2010). Work-Life Balance among Married Women Employees. Indian journal of psychological medicine 32(2): 112–18.
 Sandhu, H. S., & Ritu Mehta. (2006). Work-Family Conflict among Women Executives in Service Sector: An Empirical Study. Journal of Advances in Management Research 3(2): 68–80.